Institutional Framework
The Central Water Authority (CWA) was established under the provisions of the Central Water Authority Act No. 20 of 1971, which came into effect in July, 1971 by Proclamation No. 9 of 1971. The Principal Act has subsequently been amended by Act No. 26 of 1975, Act No. 39 of 1982, Act No.4 of 1985, Act No.31 of 1989 and Act No. 27 of 2000.
          The CWA operates under the aegis of the Ministry of Energy and Public Utilities.
2.    DUTIES 
The Principal Act defines the duties of the CWA as being responsible for the control, development and conservation of Water Resources and the Treatment and Distribution of water to domestic, industrial and commercial purposes throughout Mauritius. Since the Water Resources Unit took over the responsibility of water resources administration, the CWA is now mainly responsible for the treatment and distribution of potable water for domestic, commercial and industrial usage.
The CWA is administered and controlled by six member Central Water Board (CWB) which is expected to meet at least once every month.
The Board consists of:-
(a)   a chairperson, to be appointed by the Minister;
(b)   a representative of the Ministry responsible for the subject of finance;
(c)   a representative of the Ministry responsible for the subject of energy;
(d)    a representative of the Ministry responsible for the subject of labour and      
   industrial relations;
(e)    2 members with experience in agricultural, industrial, commercial, financial,
             scientific or administrative matters, appointed by the Minister.
The General Manager is responsible for the execution of the water policy and the effective management of the day to day business activities of the Authority.
4.    POWERS
The CWA shall have all the powers of a body corporate accept to sell or exchange any property or make any donation.
It is provided in the CWA Act that the Minister appoints the Chairman of the Board and the General Manager on terms and conditions that he may think fit.
He also approves the following:-
·         Appointments of officers;
·         Execution of deed, instrument, contract and other document;
·         The sale or exchange of CWA property or to make any donation;
·         To borrow money, to mortgage or charge any CWA property;
·         To issue debenture, stock or other securities;
·         To alienate, charge, sell, dispose of or otherwise deal with any CWA
immovable property;
·         The yearly estimates of income and expenditure.
In relation to the exercise of the powers of the Authority, the Minister may give directions to the Authority, as he considers necessary in the public interest to which the CWA has to comply.
The Minister may appoint an advisory council to be known as the Water Advisory Council.
The Board may delegate to the Chairperson all or any of its powers, functions and duties except the power to invest and borrow money.
The Chairperson may, with the approval of the Board, delegate in writing to the General Manager or to any other officer any power delegated to him by the Board.
The Board may make such regulations as it thinks fit for carrying into effect the provisions of the CWA Act.